The salary should be stated in the employment contract as well as details of salary reviews, planned increases and cost of living rises may also be included. Salaries in job contracts are normally stated gross, before all deductions and withholdings for benefits, taxes and social security are made. Usually salaries are paid monthly, although they may be quoted in contracts on an hourly, monthly or annual basis, depending on the type of job position.
If a bonus, such as 13 th or 14 th month’s salary is paid, it is stated in the employment contract. Such details as the method of payment of your salary into a bank or post office account and the date of salary payments are usually included in general terms and conditions.
Minimum salaries are fixed under collective agreements between unions and employers for each category of worker. Inexperienced employees may earn the minimum basic wage. The basic salary may be supplemented by an “above base payment” – a seniority increase, overtime and bonuses.
Minimum salaries are reviewed every few years and there is also a wage increase for inflation every two years. The government publishes a salary rate book for each category of employee including operatives, staff employees and managers.
Many employees in Italy are entitled to an additional month’s remuneration, which is usually called 13 th month’s salary, usually paid in December before Christmas and referred to as a Christmas bonus.
Employee education and training isn’t taken too seriously in Italy and Italian employers aren’t obliged to provide employee training programs like seminars, conferences, technical courses or language lessons. However, if an employee needs to learn or improve their Italian or another language in order to perform their job, the cost of language study is usually paid by the employer.