The most important qualification needed for working in Italy is the ability to speak Italian fluently. Once you have identified your Italian language skills the second step for you is establishing whether your trade or professional qualifications and experience are recognized in Italy. Professional or trade qualifications are necessary to work in most fields in Italy as well as to become self-employed or start a business. Many foreign artisans are required to undergo a ‘business course’ before they can start work in Italy.
Under EU regulations, if a qualified professional wishes to pursue his career in Italy or another member state, all qualifications and professional experience are to be taken into consideration. Italy defines its regulations to be followed when setting up a business and rights concerning trade unions, working conditions and employee contracts are the same as for the Italian nationals.
Qualifications recognized by professional and trade bodies in EU countries should be recognized in Italy, however recognition varies from country to country and in some cases foreign qualifications aren’t recognized by Italian employers. All academic qualifications should also be recognized, although they may be given less prominence than equivalent Italian qualifications depending on the country and the educational establishment.
Operating professional practice
If you want to set up and operate a professional practice, you must produce a certificate of equivalence from the ministry concerned in Italian language. You must also provide evidence that you satisfy the requirements regarding character and repute and have not been declared bankrupt. You will also need a residence permit, an identity document and proof of citizenship.
The recognition of your qualifications gives you right to register in the professional roles and to practice your profession according to requirements of the Italian state. If your profession isn’t regulated in Italy, than you don’t need to apply for recognition of your qualifications and can begin practicing under the same conditions as Italian nationals.