Employment contracts in Italy

Employment contracts in Italy

In Italy, an employment contract is compulsory by law.

It includes the following information: worker’s details, tax information, worker’s qualifications, and professional profile.

There are several types of employment contracts in Italy.

  • Apprenticeship contract. Through this type of contract, companies provide young people with professional training in order to achieve further levels of qualification and make the apprentices more competitive on the labor market. At the end of the training period, the employer can withdraw from the agreement, but he is also supposed to convert 50 per cent of apprenticeship contracts into permanent work contracts.
  • Permanent contract. It is a written contract with no pre-determined termination date. It specifies the tasks of the employee, labor schedule, wages etc. High social security wages are paid almost entirely by the employer.
  • Temporary contract. It is a written contract with specified termination date and tasks. It cannot be longer than 36 months, this working period can be extended one more time with the same tasks and the employer can withdraw from the agreement on the termination date. Wages for part-time employees are the same as those of permanent contract employees in the company. High social security contributions are paid almost entirely by the employer.
  • Supply contract. This type of contract can be signed by the work agency and the employee or by the work agency and the user. It can be a permanent or temporary contract. It is a labor contract with a specific length pre-decided by both the employer and the employee. Supply contracts enable clients of employment agencies to avail of the labor activity performed by workers holding employment agreements with recruiting agencies.

According to the Italian law, a worker with a fixed term contract may not work for the same employer more than 36 months if the tasks established have never changed.

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