St. Mark’s Square

St. Mark’s Square

Located in Venice, St. Mark’s Square or Piazza San Marco is full of history and surrounded by great architecture. Several of the city’s major sights are located here, so the square is often crowded with tourists.

Construction

Piazza San Marco was constructed in the ninth century as a small square dotted with trees. It was laid out in front of the original St. Mark’s Basilica, at the time a small chapel which was part of the Doge’s Palace.

The square was separated from the palace by a small canal, the Rio Batario. Already a central gathering place for Venetians, the piazza was enlarged in 1174 after the canal and an adjoining dock were filled in. The square became paved with bricks in 1267 in a herringbone pattern. In 1735 the bricks were replaced with natural stone and laid in a more complicated pattern according to a design devised by architect Andrea Tirali.

St. Mark’s Basilica

St. Mark’s SquareAs the largest square in the city, St. Mark’s Square has always been the location of important government buildings and other facilities central to the goings on in Venice. The centerpiece of the piazza is, of course, magnificent St. Mark’s Basilica. Commissioned in 1071 by doge Domenico Contarini, this amazing church is built in Venetian­Byzantine style, a mixture of western and eastern styles. Nicknamed the ”Church of Gold” because of its opulence, it has been the seat of the Patriarch of Venice, archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice, since 1807.

The basilica has a separate bell tower that stands 98.6 meters tall and is one of the city’s most recognizable landmarks. Originally built in the ninth century, the current version was rebuilt in 1912 after the original tower collapsed in 1902.

Doge’s Palace

The other dominant building around St. Mark’s Square is the Doge’s Palace. A beautiful Gothic structure, it faces the Venetian lagoon and was completed in the early fifteenth century, though portions of it were rebuilt after a fire in 1574.

Also located along the square are the twelfth century Procuratie Vecchie, buildings that housed the apartments and offices of the procurators; the Procuratie Nuovo, which provided more offices and was built in the mid-seventeenth century; the National Library of St. Archaeology; and the Correr Museum.

Between the Palace of the Doge and the Library is the Piazzetta (little piazza) San Marco. It is known for the two columns located there that pay homage to two of Venice’s patrons ­ St. Mark and St. Teodoro of Amasea. The columns have long served as the official gateway to the city.

Note

Location: San Marco, Venice

Nearby sights: St. Mark’s Companile, St. Mark’s Basilica, Doge’s Palace

How to get there: Vaporetto: San Marco

Nearby hotels: Venice Dream House, San Marco Palace ­ All Suites, Best Windows

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