Naples is a unique city worth of attention with an amazing cuisine, architecture and, of course, a mighty volcano – Mount Vesuvius. The volcano which destroyed Pompeii is still active today. The Vesuvius National Park was created in part to safeguard this world-famous volcano. The park is also committed to promote scientific research and environmental education in this area. The territory of the national park has a unique natural and historical importance and produces agriculture unlike any other part of Italy.
Mount Vesuvius has two morphological structures, the Vesuvius Great Cone and Somma caldera. The highest point of Soma caldera is Punta Nasone which reaches 1132 meters and represents the remains of an ancient volcano which was active more than 30 000 years ago. Mount Vesuvius has been active in 1822, 1858, 1861, 1872, 1906 and 1944. The volcano has not erupted since, although there have been various seismic phenomena that took place and prove Vesuvius is still quite active. In recent years the volcano has been studied very closely and several forecasts for future eruptions have been made. Within the territory of the national park the observatory of Volcanology is located in the observatory zone in Ercolano. The observatory was built in the 19 th century and was the first of its kind in the world.
Hiking in the park
The slopes of Mount Vesuvius have been partly reforested to help stop landslides. Many studies have shown that the area is home to more than 900 different species, many of which are unique to the Mediterranean. The fauna of the National Park is also quite interesting and rich.
Lots of tourists visit the Vesuvius National Park to see one of the most active volcanoes in the world. There are many interesting things to do in the park like hiking, biking and visiting various museums. Here you will find two official trails for bikers and 15 interconnected hiking trails in the park.
Location: Via Palazzo del Principe, 80056, Naples
Nearby sights: Ruins of Herculaneum, Mount Vesuvius, Oplontis How to get there: Take the bus from Ercolano up to the crater car park
Nearby hotels: B&B Amedeo, BEST WESTERN Hotel Plaza, Bosco de’ Medici
Entry fee: Adult/reduced €10/8