Cilento is an outstanding cultural location including the group of settlements and sanctuaries along its mountain ridges. It was an important route for trade, political and cultural reasons during the medieval periods. The city was also a boundary between the colonies of Etruscan people and Magna Graecia. The ruins of two main cities from the ancient times, Veila and Paestrum are located in the region and have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage list since 1998.
The Vallo di Diano and Cilento National Park was set up in 1991. It is located in the Salerno province and includes mostly Vallo di Diano and Cilento regions. The park was officially opened to protect the region of Cilento from mass tourism. There are also a few natural reserves within the park, including a maritime reserve and the Oasis of Persano.
The territory of the park is among the largest in Italy. It includes all the municipalities of the Vallo di Diano and the Cilento areas. It also includes almost the entire Cilentan Coast and the Pruno forest. There are lots of archeological sites located on the territory of the National Park.
Paestrum is a Roman name which was given to an important Roman-Graeco city in the region of Campania in the ancient times. It was founded in the 7 th century BC by colonists from Greece and was originally known as Poseidonia. The architecture, figurines and coinage that were found in the region suggest that it might have been related to the 6 th century. The main archeological sites here include three temples dating back to the 6 th century. These temples were dedicated to Athena and Hera. The ancient city had been surrounded by different defensive walls which still exist. There are around 24 different towers built along the walls. Velia is a name of the old town of Elea which is located in Salerno in the Campania region of Italy. It was founded by the Greeks and is mainly known as home to the philosophers Zeno and Parmenides of Elias. There are ruins of ancient city walls, along with traces of many towers and a gate can be seen today.
Location: Province of Salerno, Campania
Nearby sights: Paestrum, Velia, Certosa of Padula
Nearby hotels: Happy Village, Marulivo Hotel, Hotel Calanca