Trevi Fountain is one of the most famous and beautiful fountains located in Italy. It is situated at the end of the Aqua Virgo, an aqueduct constructed in 19 BC by Agrippa, the son-in- law of Emperor Augustus. The aqueduct brings water all the way from the Salone Springs (approx. 21km from Rome) and supplies the fountains in the historic center of Rome with water.
Trevi Fountain was built here during the papacy of Nicholas V. In 1732, pope Clement XII commissioned Nicola Salvi to create a large fountain at the Trevi Square to replace the existing fountain. The fountain, which is designed like a monumental triumphal arch, was built against a wall of the Palazzo Poli. It measures twenty meters wide and twenty-six meters high and occupies more than half the square.
The central figure of the fountain, standing in a large niche, is Neptune, god of the sea. He rides a shell-shaped chariot that is pulled by two sea horses. Each sea horse is guided by a Triton. One of the horses is calm and obedient, the other one restive. They symbolize the fluctuating moods of the sea. The statues were sculpted by Pietro Bracci. On the left hand side of Neptune is a statue representing Abundance, the statue on the right represents Salubrity.
Water flows over artificial rocks into a large semicircular basin that represents the sea. Every day some eighty million liters of water flow through the fountain. The water is reused to supply several other Roman fountains, including the Fountain of the Four Rivers, the Tortoise Fountain and the Fountain of the Old Boat in front of the Spanish Steps.
There is tradition that you will return to Rome if you throw a coin into the fountain’s water basin. You should toss it with your right hand over your left shoulder with your back to the fountain. You’re not allowed to look behind you while you’re tossing the coin but the fountain is so large so it is impossible to miss.
Location: Piazza di Trevi, 00187 Rome
Nearby hotels: Appia Antica Resort, Portrait Roma, Deko Rome
Nearby sights: Colosseum, Pantheon, Centro Storico