The hoist side is a green band while white forms the center and the outer stripe is red. The design of a vertical tricolor was inspired by the French flag brought to Italy by Napoleon. The colors of the flag were derived from the flag of Milan which is red and white, and the uniform of the civic guard of Milan which is green.
The modern flag of Italy wasn’t made the country’s official flag until 1948, but the three colors in the flag have been in use since the late 1700s representing the various city-states and kingdoms that made up Italy as we know it today.
The flag of Italy resembles the flag of Mexico but the Italian flag uses paler shades of red and green than those of the Mexican flag, which are deeper. The main difference between them is their aspect of ratios. While the Italian flag has a ratio of 2:3, the flag of Mexico has an aspect ratio of 4:7, making a longer rectangle.
Meaning of the colours
There are many different interpretations of colors of Italy’s flag. There is a religious meaning of the colors: green symbolizes hope, white represents faith and red signifies charity. This symbolism also appears in the Divine Comedy, with the three women of three colors that appear to Dante. Another interpretation pronounces green to be the symbol of the Italian landscape, white as the representation of the snow capping the mountains of the Alps, and red symbolizing the bloodshed that brought about the independence of Italy as a nation.
In 2003, the opposition leaders of Italy accused Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi of introducing changes to the colors of the flag. After debates, the colors of the flag were defined and standardized in reference to the Pantone Matching System. The green used is “Fern Green”, the white is “Bright White” and red is “Flame Scarlet”.