Italians have made important contributions to mankind, most notably in the fields of science, mathematics, philosophy, engineering, economics, international politics, medicine, literature, visual arts and music.
Here is a list of famous Italians.
- Leonardo da Vinci. Renaissance artist, inventor, polymath, musician, and architect who painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper and drew the iconic Vitruvian Man. He also devised such futuristic technology as tanks, concentrated solar power, and adding machines, and spearheaded some vital breakthroughs in anatomy, civil engineering, optics, and hydrodynamics.
- Galileo Galilei. Known as The Father of Science, this physicist not only invented the telescope and the thermometer, but helped to instigate the Scientific Revolution. His advocacy of the theory of heliocentricism, which postulated that the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around, made him an enemy of the Catholic Church.
- Michelangelo. Italian High Renaissance artist who famously painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. His many skills included sculpting, architecture, poetry, and engineering. He also pioneered the Mannerist style at the Laurentein Library.
- Christopher Columbus. Explorer and navigator Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in the Republic of Genoa, Italy. His first voyage into the Atlantic Ocean in 1476 nearly cost him his life. Columbus participated in several other expeditions to Africa. 1492, Columbus left Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Niña along side. He has been credited for opening up the Americas to European colonization.
- Donatello. Italian sculptor Donatello was the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo (1475–1564) and was the most influential individual artist of the 15th century in Italy.
- Dante. Poet, writer, political thinker. Dante was a Medieval Italian poet and philosopher whose poetic trilogy, The Divine Comedy, made an indelible impression on both literature and theology.