A rich history of flags and coats of arms has existed in Italy since the 1200s, but due to lack of national unification there was no recognized flag representing all Italian-populated areas. The original green-white-red tricolor was presented to the National Guard of the Transpadane Republic located in Lombardy on October 9, 1796. The colours were based on those found in the uniforms of the urban militia of Milan.
Here are some facts about Italian flag.
- The flag of Italy consists of three vertical bands which are equally sized. Its colors are green, white and red.
- The green band is always placed nearest to the flagpole.
- The flag of Mexico resembles the Italian flag. The differences are: the Mexican one is green, white and orange; it is longer and uses darker shades.
- Until 1946 the flag was with its arms and crown in the center, but then it returned to the simple tricolor with no coat of arms.
- The colors of the Italian flag represent the country itself: the white for the snowy mountains, the green for the plains and the hills and the red for blood spilt in the Italian wars of independence.
- The Italian people take their flag’s colors very seriously.
- In 2003 Silvio Berlusconi tried to introduce a subtle change of color shade and he was accused for that. Nowadays the country is actually considering a national referendum to allow the public to choose the right shades.
- The Italian flag colors feature in everything from footballs to ice cream, pizza and salads. It is most in evidence at football matches and flies from public buildings. The flag’s color is used as a design feature for clothing celebrations at the Colosseum in Rome.
- Italian flag etiquette is very strict. It is essential that flag protocols and rules are followed correctly.
- The Romans were first to use a cloth flag fastened to cross bars at the end of spears.